Generally pigs are kept for meat,lard, skin, and manure. In Nigeria however the major reason for keeping pigs is for meat. Various production traits influence the efficiency of pig production venture and they include the following :-   Daily liveweight gain (DLG, Feed conversion efficiency  (FCE), carcass value and prolificacy-which is measured as number of piglets born and weaned per sow per any given period. The job of the pig farmer is to select the right animals with high genetic makeup for these traits and then enhance their optimal expression through adequate feeding and other management practices. 

BREEDS OF PIGS :                       Pigs are one of the domestic animals for which extensive work has been done and a good number of breeds exit. These include the following :-  a) Large White or Yorkshire:-  This breed though temperate in origin is one of the most widely used in commercial production in many parts of tropical Africa. The body is large, long and heavily built. The skin is white and it has erect ears. The large white is reputed to be a prolific breeder. The sow produce large quantity of milk, have good number of functional teats and good mothering ability. It is also an efficient food converter with a good growth rate.                                  ……to be continued. 




Yet in our fast-paced and chaotic world, most of us have grown numb to this innate human ability.

Our diets, work habits, lifestyles, and environments all have an impact on our ability to not only feel connected to others, but also to ourselves.

However, there is one type of person who never loses touch with their innate sensitivity. This person is known as the Empath. But while the Empath is a highly perceptive and receptive person, they are prone to experiencing energetic overload every day. This emotional and mental baggage can lead to a lot of physical and psychological disorders such as depression and chronic fatigue.

If you’re a sensitive person that is curious to discover whether you’re an Empath, this page will share with you everything you need to know.


Put simply, an Empath is a person who absorbs other people’s emotions and experiences these emotions as if they were their own.

Empathic people are highly sensitive to the emotional climates around them and often take on the psychological baggage of other people. This often leads to chronic mental and physical sicknesses.


Common signs of being an empath include:

The tendency to soak up other’s emotions and even physical sensations, like a sponge
Strong intuitive abilities or claircognizance
Chaotic or fluctuating emotions
Intense sensitivity
Highly creative
Inability to watch violence
Tendency towards anxiety and addiction
Tendency to attract wounded people
Gentle and caring nature
Chronic fatigue + digestive issues
Drawn to healing professions
How many of these signs can you identify with in this list?


What is it that enables us to experience empathy — to feel or share the same emotions as another person such as sadness, fear, joy or any other type of emotion?

One possible scientific explanation for why Empaths are so receptive is the discovery of mirror neurons. Basically, we all have a set of neurons in our brains that fire up whenever we witness something that another person feels or experiences. These mirror neurons help us to learn through imitation. When we are young, for example, we primarily learn to speak and behave through imitation of our parents and siblings. Mirror neurons play a role in our biological growth and survival.

Essentially, mirror neurons create a neuro-physical link between us and other people. Studies have shown that simply the act of watching another person pick something up triggers the same areas of our brain as the other person’s brain.

The discovery of mirror neurons has massive implications for Empathic people. Such a discovery reveals why Empaths feel extreme disgust, pain, and horror when watching acts of violence whether in real life or on the internet. Mirror neurons also hint at why Empaths carry so much emotional deadweight from others.


When we can literally feel the pain of others (or close), our lives can become rollercoaster rides of extreme highs and lows. However, the ability to experience the suffering of others also opens us up to the deeply vital emotions of compassion and love.

Being an Empath is only a curse when we have a weak sense of self, poor barriers, and a tendency to resist or attach to the emotions we experience.

The key to becoming a healed and empowered Empath lies in working to developing an individuated identity, clear boundaries, and non-attachment/resistance to emotions. The first step in becoming a matured Empath is to learn how to ground yourself in your body firmly.

Examples of practices that all Empaths will find beneficial include:

Breathing practices
Progressive muscle relaxation
Body awareness
Any technique that can help you get out of your mind and into experiencing the present moment with non-judgement and non-resistance will help you as an Empath.


In a world full of fear, greed, cruelty, egotism, and immense pain, your sensitivity is an immense blessing.

Your sensitivity is a gift this world desperately needs.

The ability to care deeply for others is something our world lacks to a severe degree. Your gift not only closes the gap between people, but it also opens the door to loving-kindness and other extrasensory abilities such as intuition.

Can you imagine what the world would be like if we were all sensitive, caring, and receptive to each other? We would be living in paradise.

So honor this experience of being an Empath for the great lessons and opportunities it presents you with……………

Our names are Aletheia Luna and Mateo Sol. We’re twin flames, psychospiritual mentors and soulwork teachers who blend a mixture of psychological, spiritual and shamanic insight throughout our writings.
Our mission is to help you rediscover and reconnect with your soul through the practice of soulwork. By working with your soul, you’ll be able to experience genuine self-love, purpose belonging, and unconditional joy in the present moment.
We write about topics such as spiritual awakening, discovering and channeling your gifts (such as those that empaths have), thriving in loving relationships (like twin flames) and progressing as an old soul in soulful maturation.
Find out more about soulwork.


The business of livestock production involves the human control of the various factors of the particular animal’s productivity trait for the improved production of the particular product the farmer is interested in, e.g eggs, meat, wool, skin, etc. The success of this exercise starts with the famer selecting the right type of the animal with the correct genotype to yield the desired livestock product under the farmer’s production environment. This is because the genotypic makeup of the animal largely determines our expectation from that animal.

   The environmental condition of the animal’s production can be generally grouped into four basic units viz:- a. Biotic– This involves the interaction of the animal with other biological entities and can lead to either a good effect on the animal such as being a source of nutrition; or to deleterious consequence such as disease condition.

b. Abiotic or physical factors such as light or photoperiodism, pressure and temperature can greatly affect an animal’s productivity.

c. Social factors:- Here the social and religious peculiarities of the community in which the livestock production is taking place can influence success or non-success of the production venture.

d. Technological factors:- Here we consider the technological advancement of the community in which the production is going on. This involves the availability or absence of various specialists involved in the production system. It also involves the consideration of the amount of capital available and other infrastructure that will aid the livestock farmer to maximize his production.

    Some of these factors listed above can be changed or modified while some others can be difficult to modify. The job of the good livestock farmer would therefore be to work out the best interactive option between his selected animal type with the environmental conditions at his disposal for optimal and profitable production of the given livestock product.

Except from the message that lightens.

“He who bears within himself the firm volition for what is good, and strives to give purity to his thoughts, has already found the way to the Highest! All else will then be added unto him. This requires neither books, nor spiritual strain:neither asceticism, nor solitude. He will become sound in body and soul, freed from all pressure of morbid pondering : for all exaggeration is harmful. You are meant to be human beings, not hothouse plants which through one-sided cultivation succumb to the first puff of the wind!”



THE WAY TO UNLOCK YOUR INNER POTENTIALS  !!!  “Mindfulness in Everyday Life: How to Meditate: 18 Tips to Successful Sitting Practice


In order to lead a more enlightened life, it is important, first of all, to understand how the human mind works. We are often unknowing prisoners of our minds, swept away by whatever thought we may be having at the time. We give our thoughts too much power.
Lost in regretting the past, or catastrophizing about the future, we miss out on experiencing the present moment, where all the promise and true joy lie. This video, recorded in Lhasa, Tibet in May 2012, is a brief “how-to-meditate” guide. It describes using the breath as an anchor to the present moment, in order to cultivate a more mindful, meaningful and happy life.
Mindful-awareness (shamatha-vipassana) meditation instructions can be used to develop a personal practice and enter the path to greater wisdom, understanding and well-being. Watched once in the morning and/or once at night, followed by a period of personal sitting practice, this 10-minute video provides helpful and gentle reminders of what to do during mindfulness meditation practice.
Mindfulness is used by psychologists, teachers, sports coaches and workplace consultants to help people develop skills to enhance presence to the here and now of experience. A growing body of empirical scientific research confirms what has been known for over 2,500 years: mindfulness leads to greater presence. (1-2) Greater presence leads to enhanced peace of mind. Enhanced peace of mind leads to more happiness, and more happiness leads to greater physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being. As meditation master Thich Nhat Hanh writes, “The breath is the intersection of the body and mind.”
Please check with your doctor or psychologist before undertaking physical or mental training exercises.
(Video of mindfulness meditation instructions.)
Mindfulness Meditation Instructions
1. Set aside time each day to develop a personal meditation practice. When undertaken with discipline, meditation can lead to clarity and peace of mind.
2. Select a place where you can sit, uninterrupted.
3. Practice meditation for at least five to 10 minutes in the morning and five to 10 minutes at night.
4. Sit in an erect and upright position on a chair or on a meditation cushion. Have a sense of regality in your posture, an inner confidence and a sense of self-worth.
5. Either close your eyes, or softly focus them on a spot on the floor about three to four feet in front of you.
6. At the same time, heighten attention to all five senses: touch, taste, scent, sight and sound.
7. Feel the skin of your palms resting gently on the top of your thighs. Hear the sounds of traffic or birds outside the window. Smell the scent of rain, or dinner cooking on the stove. Taste the mint you recently finished. Experience, through your senses, the richness of colors, shapes, scents, sounds and flavors of everyday things.
8. Now, while maintaining awareness of the five senses, bring attention to the flow of your breath as it comes in and goes out.
9. Heighten attention particularly to the out-breath, as you practice letting go of all thoughts and feelings.
10. At the end of the out-breath, notice a small gap, a space in time, before the in-breath occurs. Similarly, at the end of the in-breath, notice a small gap before the out-breath occurs.
11. Repeat the process of maintaining attention on the breath, as it naturally comes in and goes out.
12. When you find that you are lost in a thought while meditating: “What do I have to do tomorrow?” for example, or if you feel an emotion like anger or envy, or even joy, simply label that thought, “thinking,” silently, within your mind, and return your attention, very gently, to the breath, acting as anchor the present moment. Follow the breath as it slowly goes out and dissolves.
13. At the end of the out-breath, notice the gap, and then bring awareness to the in-breath.
14. Repeat this pattern of following the breath, over and over again.
15. During sitting practice, when you realize that you are caught in a thought, swept away by a story in your mind, silently label the thoughts, “thinking,” and return attention once again to the out-breath. Withhold self-judgment. Be kind to yourself.
16. Continue the pattern of following the breath in-and-out, labeling thoughts as “thinking,” and returning attention to the breath. Meanwhile, maintain heightened awareness of the five senses.
17. Shifting awareness from thought, to the here and now of the present moment, is the practice of meditation.
18. Set aside time each day to develop a personal meditation practice. When undertaken with discipline, meditation can lead to clarity and peace of mind.”